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Informal Economy and Women's Work

Women and the NREGA, (2006), ISST (Delhi)

This study sponsored by ILO aims to analyse National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) from the gender perspective with reference to strengthening of rural infrastructure through creation of durable assets, regeneration of natural resources that would provide the livelihood resource base of local rural economy, etc. A household survey was carried in the four districts of Sirohi in Rajasthan, Dhar in Madhya Pradesh, Gulbarga in Karnataka and Sundargarh in Orrissa. The study reveals that the proportion of eligible men and women are roughly the same, but in Rajasthan there are more women workers than men on the EGA sites. A very high level of illiteracy was found among the female between the age group of 7-20years.The level of mobilization among the villagers has been studied through their affiliation with the membership groups. As far as awareness about NREGA is concerned, in Sirohi 50% of the sample came to know about the scheme through word of mouth and in Dhar it is 30%. In Sundargargh, 80% said they got to know from others. In Gulbarga all but one respondent said that this information had come from sarpanch.

Social Protection for Informal Home-Based Women Workers in South Asia (2004-2006). ISST (Delhi)

 ISST collaborated with Home Net South Asia (a network for home based workers promoted by SEWA and UNIFEM) in the above action research project which highlighted the myriad of socio-economic insecurities South Asian female informal home based workers face in their daily lives. The study canvassed Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Women in various trades were covered including those working in the garments and weaving sectors. The study develops an argument for an integrated approach to social protection based on the needs and priorities mentioned by respondents. Social Protection policies for home based workers need to be cognizant of local societal, community and habitat based realities of the working process and the larger picture influenced by development policies relating to sectors and the economy. The project was supported by Ford Foundation.

Chronic Poverty and Intra-Household Resource Allocation: A Preliminary Enquiry, (2003), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

The study based on a household survey in the slum clusters in Delhi concluded that even within chronically poor households, the same patterns of discrimination seem to exist as have been noted elsewhere and a rather stereotypical picture of the Indian household emerges from it.

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Herbal Medicinal Plants: An Analysis, (1997-99), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

The study explored the market linkages in the trade of herbal medicinal products as well as estimated the contribution of these products both to the livelihood of the collectors&##39; household as well as to the macro-economy.

Women's Work in South Asia: A Situational Analysis and Policy Concerns, (1997-98), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

The study reviewed the range of existing countervailing policies and programs including statutory legal and constitutional provisions as well as the national support structure for equitable access to employment opportunities for women in South Asia.

Women in Extreme Poverty, (1996), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi).

The study outlined the differential characteristics of households with perceived headship, and the contribution of the heads to economic sustenance of the households.

The Role of Informal Sector in Poverty Alleviation in India, (1995), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

The study examined the significance of informal service sector in poverty alleviation in India.

Identification of Employment Opportunities for Women in Village Industries in UP and Rajasthan, (1991), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

The study sought to understand the structure and functioning of village industries, the problems these industries face in terms of raw material, marketing etc., whether any government employment programmes exist in these villages, and if the existing organisations have the potential to create more employment.

Impact of Sericulture Pilot Project in Kanakapura, (1989), Mimeo, ISST (Bangalore)

The study found that the introduction of female extension workers to provide training and support services to women engaged in sericulture had improved rearing practices, but by and large their services had not been found to be as helpful as expected, by the beneficiaries themselves.

Status of women's Employment: Revaluation of Employment Guarantee Scheme, Maharashtra and Its Impact on Women Worker, 1987, Mimeo, ISST (Delhi).

The study examined the changes if any, took place in terms of availability of work, wage payment system, wage parity between men & women, gang formation, distance of the work site, amenities provided to the workers.

Small Scale Forest Based Enterprises with Special Reference to the Roles of Women, (1987), Mimeo, ISST (Bangalore)

The study sought to analyse the nature of the roles of women in small scale forest based enterprises in Karnataka and to present a tangible set of policy recommendations to strengthen these roles.

Perspective Based on Women Workers in the Urban Informal Sector, (1986), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

The study reviewed the role of NGOs in supporting the women workers.

Fisherwomen of Tadri: A Socio-Economic Survey, (1985), Mimeo, ISST (Bangalore)

This survey was undertaken to assess the impact of modernising the fishing industry in the Tadri area of Uttara Kanada in coastal Karnataka, especially in terms of the effect on poorest households, and women in particular.

Employment of Women from Kerala in the Fish Processing Units of Gujarat, (1984), Mimeo, ISST (Bangalore)

The study was looked at the conditions of women migrant workers from Kerala with a view to promote the scope of employment as well as to improve of the working conditions of female labours.

India's Female- Headed Households, (1984), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi).

The study assessed socio-economic characteristics of female-headed household.

Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas, DWCRA - Preparation of a Plan with Focus on Women, (1984) Mimeo, ISST (Bangalore)

This study involved preparing a block plan as a model for demonstrating the methodology of working from below while also ensuring the workability of the plan through actual implementation on the ground.

Statistics on Women, Children and Aged in Agriculture in India, (1983), Mimeo, ISST (Bangalore)

The study was conducted to do systematic scanning of data sources of agricultural workers in India to identify the data gaps and to suggest procedures for improving the statistical picture by suggesting new tabulations from existing data and indicating the types of new data that were to be collected and the possible new methodologies.

Technical Seminar on Women's Work and Employment, (1982), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi).

The focus of the discussion was around measurement of work and its implications.

Inter State Tasar Project: Field Survey, (1982), Mimeo, ISST (Bangalore)

The study looked at how the tasar development project run by the Development Corporation of Vidarbha could improve the lives of tribal families.

An Assessment of Women's Roles - The Karnataka Sericulture Development Project, (1982) Mimeo, ISST (Bangalore)

The study examined the Sericulture Development Project of the State Government with a view to understanding the benefits accruing to poor households, and women in particular.

Women's Quest for Power: Five Case Studies, (1980), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

Women's Quest for Power: Five Case Studies, (1980), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi). The study attempted to identify the crucial levers through which women can participate more fully in national development. The project was published as a book entitled Women's Quest for Power.

Exercises in Project Development for Women, (1980), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

The project prepared proposals for the selected organisations engaged in income generating activities to provide employment to the women.

Impact on Women Workers, Maharashtra Employment Guarantee Scheme - A Study, (1979), Mimeo, ISST (Delhi)

The study was done to look at the impact of the EGS on women workers, with a view to suggesting improvements in the scheme's design and implementation.

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